Japanese phonetic character sets

Here is the phonetic correspondence between Japanese Hiragana (left table) and Katakana (right table) characters, and Roman characters. Being entirely phonetic, they form the first lesson of your Japanese course in a language school and the elementary school in Japan, before attacking Kanji characters which are ideographic so more difficult to learn.
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平仮名 (Hiragana)

清音 (Seion)


a

i

u

e

o

ka

ki

ku

ke

ko

sa

shi

su

se

so

ta

chi

tsu

te

to

na

ni

nu

ne

no

ha

hi

hu

he

ho

ma

mi

mu

me

mo

ya

yu

yo

ra

ri

ru

re

ro

wa

片仮名 (Katakana)

清音 (Seion)


a

i

u

e

o

ka

ki

ku

ke

ko

sa

shi

su

se

so

ta

chi

tsu

te

to

na

ni

nu

ne

no

ha

hi

hu

he

ho

ma

mi

mu

me

mo

ya

yu

yo

ra

ri

ru

re

ro

wa

濁音 (Dakuon)


ga

gi

gu

ge

go

za

ji

zu

ze

zo

da

ji

zu

de

do

ba

bi

bu

be

bo

濁音 (Dakuon)


ga

gi

gu

ge

go

za

ji

zu

ze

zo

da

ji

zu

de

do

ba

bi

bu

be

bo

半濁音 (Handakuon)


pa

pi

pu

pe

po

半濁音 (Handakuon)


pa

pi

pu

pe

po

拗音 (Youon)

きゃ
kya
きゅ
kyu
きょ
kyo
しゃ
sha
しゅ
shu
しょ
sho
ちゃ
cha
ちゅ
chu
ちょ
cho
にゃ
nya
にゅ
nyu
にょ
nyo
ひゃ
hya
ひゅ
hyu
ひょ
hyo
みゃ
mya
みゅ
myu
みょ
myo
りゃ
rya
りゅ
ryu
りょ
ryo
ぎゃ
gya
ぎゅ
gyu
ぎょ
gyo
じゃ
ja
じゅ
ju
じょ
jo
びゃ
bya
びゅ
byu
びょ
byo
ぴゃ
pya
ぴゅ
pyu
ぴょ
pyo

拗音 (Youon)

キャ
kya
キュ
kyu
キョ
kyo
シャ
sha
シュ
shu
ショ
sho
チャ
cha
チュ
chu
チョ
cho
ニャ
nya
ニュ
nyu
ニョ
nyo
ヒャ
hya
ヒュ
hyu
ヒョ
hyo
ミャ
mya
ミュ
myu
ミョ
myo
リャ
rya
リュ
ryu
リョ
ryo
ギャ
gya
ギュ
gyu
ギョ
gyo
ジャ
ja
ジュ
ju
ジョ
jo
ビャ
bya
ビュ
byu
ビョ
byo
ピャ
pya
ピュ
pyu
ピョ
pyo

Special characters


n

long vowel

double consonant
ふぁ
fa

Special characters


n

long vowel

double consonant
ファ
fa

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Last update: August 10, 2007