Online dictionary of France travel and tourism: Sacre Coeur Basilica,Saint Chapel,Saint Denis,Saint Emilion,Saint Etienne,Saint Germain castle,Saint Malo,Saint Savin abbey,Saint Sulpice church,Saint Tropez

This is the online dictionary of France developed by Free Light Software. By clicking on a French word, you can find France related sites from French search engines. By clicking on a globe icon, you can display the locality on maps of France and Paris. By clicking on a thumbnail picture, you can enlarge it.
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Sacre Coeur Basilica

French words: Basilique du Sacré Coeur
alternative words: Basilica of the Sacre Coeur, Sacre Coeur, Sacred Heart
keywords: church, paris, tourist resort
related topics: Montmartre hill
related web sites: http://www.sacre-coeur-montmartre.com , http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basilica_of_the_Sacr%E9_Coeur
explanation: Sacre Coeur Basilica was planed for the victims of Franco-Prussian War of 1870 and Paris commune revolt of 1871. Its construction began in 1875 from public funds, by the design of architect Paul Abadie, and achieved ironically in 1919 after the WWI. Situated at the culminant point of Paris, Montmartre hill, where Saint Denis was beheaded in 250 A.D., this Romano-Byzantine style basilica, made with white stones of Chateau-Landon, is visible everywhere. A Bell of 18.5 tonnes is inside the tower of 84m high.

Saint Chapel

French words: Sainte Chapelle
alternative words: Sainte Chapelle
keywords: church, human heritage, paris, tourist resort
related topics: Notre-dame cathedral , Cite island
related web sites: http://www.histoire-en-ligne.com/article.php3?id_article=25 , http://architecture.relig.free.fr/chapelle1.htm
explanation: Located on Cite Island, near Notre-Dame cathedral, Saint Chapel was built in 1248 by French King, Saint Louis, in order to enshrine the relics of Christ that he had purchased from a Byzantine emperor. The chapel was directly attached to the royal palace so he could directly go to the second floor, while the ground floor was for the common people. Though the French revolution damaged it seriously, it was restored in 19th century. Its stained-glass is considered one of the master pieces of the medieval art.

Saint Denis

French words: Saint Denis
alternative words: Saint Denis Cathedral
keywords: church, paris suburb, sport, town
related topics: Montmartre hill
related web sites: http://www.saint-denis-tourisme.com , http://www.saint-denis.culture.fr
explanation: Located in northern suburb of Paris, Saint Denis is known for its necropolis of French kings. According to a legend, the first bishop of Paris, Saint Denis might walk 6km north with his head hold after being beheaded at Montmartre hill in 3th century. French kings used to be buried in a basilica built in 12th century at the place where he might fall. Saint Denis was also a center of labor movement between 2 world wars. 2007 rugby world cup will be played at "Stade de France" built for 1998 soccer world cup.

Saint Emilion

French words: Saint-Emilion
alternative words: Saint-Emillion
keywords: human heritage, town, wine
related topics: Bordeaux
related web sites: http://www.saint-emilion-tourisme.com
explanation: Tiny village situated 20km east of Bordeaux and founded by Saint Emilian in 8th century, Saint-Emilion is on the heart of vineyard region of Bordeaux wines and its vintage is considered one of the best along with Médoc, Graves and Pomerol. Several century old vineyard landscape, strewn with monuments on the route of Santiago de Compostela, has been protected as Unesco's human heritage since 1999.

Saint Etienne

French words: Saint Etienne
keywords: sport, town
related topics: Lyon
related web sites: http://www.saint-etienne.fr , http://www.tourisme-st-etienne.com
explanation: Located in the central French highland (Massif Central), Saint Etienne region had remained poor until 15th century when the settlement of an army factory allowed its fast industrial expansion. In 1827, the inauguration of the first railroad in Saint Etienne, which would soon reach Lyon. Though the town suffers economic crisis due to its old industrial activities such as bankruptcy of Manufrance, its football club has won 10 times French championship. It is also one of the venues of 2007 rugby world cup.

Saint Germain castle

French words: Château de Saint Germain , Château de Saint Germain en Laye
alternative words: Château de Saint Germain, Saint Germain en Laye, Saint Germain
keywords: castle, paris suburb, tourist resort
related topics: RER , Versailles palace
related web sites: http://www.ville-st-germain-en-laye.fr , http://www.musee-antiquitesnationales.fr
explanation: Located 20km west of Paris and north of Versailles, the first Saint Germain castle was built by King Louis VI in 1122. Louis IX (Saint Louis) enlarged it. During 100 years war, the castle was burned out in 1346 by English troops but rebuilt by Charles V in 1367. The garden which commands Seine river was built in 1556 by Henri II and enlarged by Henri IV. King Louis XIV was born at Saint Germain. Restored by Napoleon III, the castle houses now National antiquity museum. You can reach Saint Germain via RER.

Saint Malo

French words: Saint Malo
alternative words: Saint-Malo harbor
keywords: sea, tourist resort, town
related web sites: http://www.saint-malo.fr , http://www.saint-malo-tourisme.com , http://armorance.free.fr/st-malo.htm
explanation: Located at the estuary of Rance river on the northern coast of Brittany, Saint-Malo had been an inhabited island until the installation of a hermit, Aron then Malo in 6th century, but it began to develop when the residents of Saint-Servan, formerly Alet, migrated there in 10th century in order to flee Viking invasion. Jacques Cartier, discoverer of Canada, was born at Saint Malo in 1491. In 1944, Saint-Malo was destroyed completely by American bombing but restored after the war. Its population is 51000.

Saint Savin abbey

French words: Abbaye de Saint Savin , Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe
alternative words: Saint-Savin church, Saint-Savin
keywords: church, human heritage, tourist resort
related web sites: http://www.art-roman.net/stsavin/stsavin.htm , http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint-Savin_(Vienne)
explanation: Located 30km east of Poitiers, Saint-Savin abbey had been built between 1050 and 1090 in order to enshrine the relic of Saint Savin and Cyprien , martyred on the shore of Gartemp in 5th century. Though, most of building were destroyed during the religious war of 16th century between Catholics and Huguenots, thanks to many wall painting of 11-12th century on the nave still preserved, Saint-Savin abbey was enlisted in UNESCO's human heritage in 1984.

Saint Sulpice church

French words: Eglise Saint Sulpice
alternative words: St Sulpice church, Saint Sulpice
keywords: church, paris, tourist resort
related web sites: http://www.publifilm.com/sulpice/ , http://infopuq.uquebec.ca/~uss1010/orgues/france/ssulpice.html , http://www.parisrama.com/thematiques/thematique_saint_sulpice_paris.htm
explanation: There had existed already a small church depending on the parish of Saint Germain des Pres since 9th century. In 1642, the new perish priest and the founder of Saint Sulpice Order, Jean-Jacques Olier, decided to build a new church. Due to financial difficulties, the construction stopped once and achieved only in 1745. Saint Sulpice church is notorious for its organ, the largest in Europe, which was installed in 1776. Famous fountain of 4 bishops, designed by Visconti in 1844, is on the place Saint Sulpice.

Saint Tropez

French words: Saint Tropez
keywords: french riviera, sea, southern france, tourist resort, town
related topics: Nice
related web sites: http://www.ot-saint-tropez.com , http://www.provenceweb.fr/f/var/sttropez/sttropez.htm
explanation: Situated in southeastern France between Toulon and Nice on the Mediterranean coast, Saint Tropez had been unknown for most of the tourists because of its location, somewhat distant from the main road. It has begun to attract international stars from 1920's but Saint Tropez has got a real renown when many celebrities such as Picasso and Brigit Bardot built their cottage in 1950's. During the summer season, the harbor is full of luxurious yachts while the best beach is stretching on the "Baie de Pampelonne".

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