Château de Fontainebleau
Palais de Fontainebleau
alternative words: Fontainebleau palace, Fontainebleau, Chateau Fontainebleau
keywords: castle, human heritage, paris suburb, tourist resort
related web sites: http://www.chateaudefontainebleau.net , http://www.fontainebleau.com , http://www.fontainebleau-tourisme.com , http://users.skynet.be/ym04/fontainebleau.htm
explanation: Located 50km south east of Paris, military camps always settled at Fontainebleau and many French kings stayed there for a hunting pleasure. Though a royal manor already existed since 12th century, the French king, Francois 1st transformed it in 16th century to a large Renaissance style castle with an aid of Italian artists. Napoleon Bonaparte preferring Fontainebleau to Versailles, he received Pope Pius VII there to be sacred in 1804. He also gave farewell to his guards there in 1814 before exiling to Elba.
Abbaye de Fontenay
alternative words: Fontenay monastery, Abbey of Fontenay, Monastery of Fontenay
keywords: bourgogne, church, human heritage, tourist resort
related web sites: http://www.abbayedefontenay.com , http://www.linternaute.com/sortir/sorties/architecture/abbaye/fontenay.shtml
explanation: Founded by Saint Bernard in 1118 in a swampy valley of Bourgogne near Montbard, Fontenay abbey is one of the oldest Cistercian monasteries still existing in Europe. It was so influential to become a royal abbey in 1269. Though sold to become a paper mill after the French revolution, all the buildings have been restored to the original state excepting for the dining room. Fontenay abbey was chosen as a human heritage of UNESCO in 1981.
alternative words: Frejus harbor
keywords: french riviera, sea, southern france, tourist resort, town
related topics: Marseille , Cannes
related web sites: http://www.frejus.fr , http://www.ville-frejus.fr
explanation: Located in west of Cannes, on the Mediterranean cost, Frejus had been founded by Greeks from Marseille. It was referenced on a letter of Cicero as "Forum Julii". Though Emperor Augustus enlarged its harbor and added many monuments such as Amphitheater and Aqueduct, Frejus declined slowly due to a silting-up and was devastated by Saracens in 940. In 1959, it lost 400 persons due to a collapse of Malpasset dam. Frejus recovered its maritime vocation by opening a new harbor in 1989. Its population is 51000.
Tunnel du Fréjus
alternative words: Tunnel of Frejus
keywords: alps, transport
related topics: Mont Blanc tunnel
related web sites: http://www.tunneldufrejus.com , http://www.ltf-sas.com/fr/histoiretunnels.htm
explanation: Man has planed early as 19th century to dig a tunnel under the Alps between France and Italy because both sides belonged to Sardinia kingdom at that time. The first railroad tunnel opened in 1871. Its total length is 13,7km. Now a new railroad tunnel for TGV is under studies. The construction of a car tunnel began one century later and achieved in 1980. Its total length is 12,9km. After a fire inside the tunnel in June 2005, all the traffics have been deported to Mont Blanc tunnel in spite of an opposition.
Bibliothèque nationale , BNF , Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
alternative words: François Mitterrand library, National library
keywords: building, paris
related web sites: http://www.bnf.fr/default.htm , http://www.lexpress.fr/info/societe/dossier/bnf/dossier.asp?ida=428827
explanation: The old national library at Richelieu street built in 1868 becoming too small, French president Francois Metterand announced in 1988 the creation of a new library in southeastern Paris on the left bank of Seine river. The plan of Dominique Perrault has been selected but severely criticized because he wanted to range all the books in 4 towers of 79m and 22 floors. Anyway, after a huge budget surplus, the national library was completed in 1996. It contains 10 million books, among them 200 thousand rare books.